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The dental pulp is made up of blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue, which feed the tooth. Endodontics is a treatment of the root canals, which affects the further fate and the overall treatment of the tooth.

Endodontic treatment is needed when complications of dental caries (with long-term presence of cavities, late caries treatment or inappropriate caries treatment) take place, when the pulp dies off or as a result of injuries.

Quite a typical situation in the dentist's office: a patient comes with unpleasant pain and swelling of the cheek. The diagnosis is an exacerbation of chronic periodontitis (dead tooth with a granuloma). The treatment is to eliminate the "dead" pulp, disinfect and hermetically close the root canal system with gutta-percha. That is the only way the cured root canal will prevent subsequent penetration of bacteria from the tooth to the bone, and thus the occurrence of complications such as inflammation in the apex of the root (known as granuloma) and other more serious conditions such as a cyst. If the treatment is timely and correct, the pain will quickly retreat, the inflammation will recede and the tooth will continue to perform its function fully.

Teeth have different number of roots and root canals, which, in their turn, often have a complex anatomy, and their qualitative treatment requires not only modern materials and tools, but also the experience, patience and responsibility of the doctor.



a) Bad seald up root canal

b) Good seald up root canal





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